San Severo the vine growing raised a big importance for the local
economy since the beginning of the 19th century, and its excellent white
wine became very famous.
new wine-economy raised new behaviours, traditions, habits and proverbs
which were kept untouched until few decades ago. The technological
progress, together with the changed requirements of the markets, caused
the quick decline of the traditional methods of the grape-harvest and
photo collection of the beginning of the 20th century can
bear witness of this ancient traditional.
… a centuries old experience in this field has been definitely ended.
hundred working sites, the small vats, the carts, the smell that until
few years ago enveloped the town for a month have disappeared. Still
few years ago, during the transition period, an extremely long queue of
carts waiting for unloading the grapes at the Cooperative Cellar,
reached and often exceeded my house, at three hundred meters from the
unloading site. Now everything is fast" (Nino Casiglio).
countryside in the 1600.
Map of San Severo in 1600 in which is possible to observe the vineyards around the town.
San Severo DOC boundary.
The Sansevero was the first wine of Puglia region
and one of the first Italian wines to get the D.O.C.; the decree that
disciplines the production dates back to April 19th, 1968.
The person charged to put the grape into the small vat.
Casks and small vats.
The small vats are used to transport the grape, the casks for the wine.
Children learn the craft of making casks and small vats.
The cooper’s tools.
Master cooper in front of his workshop.
The small vat is carried on the head by the women and on the shoulder by the men.
The small vats full of grape (50 kgs about) are loaded on the carts which can carry 24 pieces (two salme).
The pause with the horse meal.
The grape reaches the town on the cart; each cart arriving make "one trip".
Queue of carts in front of a wine factory at the beginning of ‘900.
The grape is pressed by feet in a parallelepid shaped container (Palmento).
Grape dregs picking.
The grape dregs are picked up and sent to the distilleries for the alcool production.
Win town crier and the tasting.
The wine of each wine shop is advertised by a town crier getting around the town
streets, extolling the quality of the wine
and letting people tasting it in special tapering glasses.
The wine shop is the evening meeting place to talk, play cards and drink wine together with a frugal meal like
cheese, salted anchovies, dry meat (muscisch), nuts.
The wine is sold loose in the wine shop.
Loading wine for
The wine leavs the railway station in casks of 500
The load is ready; they are waiting for
barrow to take grapes to village.
Weighing of grapes for sale.
Ancient firm of wine-making and wine
in San Severo in the 1979, in
one of his reportage on wine production.