SAN SEVERO IN THE
COURSE OF AGES
the first time the village of San Severo appears in a document.
The emperor Frederic II demolishes the walls corresponding to the internal tour of
today and fills the ditch with it in order to punish and to humiliate the
inhabitants who sided the Benedictine monks against him, and entrusted the town
to the knights of Templar order.
It is believed that during this time was started
the cultivation of the white Bombino vine, brought by the Templars on their way
back from the Holy Land.
The walls were rebuilt, during the following Angioin
domination, with a wider perimeter corresponding to the external tour of today.
I grants to San Severo, free town, the municipal statute.
During this period was
probably stroke a coin: a "tornese" with the subscription
SANTUS SEVER DE CAPITANATA.
On march the ninth the pope Gregory XIII raised San Severo to Episcopal
Cathedra, by moving the bishop’s residence of the neighbouring Civitate.
In April of the same year the town become feud of
Gian Francesco di Sangro, to whom Filippo II conferred the title of Prince of
July 30th, 1627
A strong earthquake destroys the town.
April 20th, 1797
San Severo feast. Francis I of Borbons and his mother Caroline (wife of the King
Ferdinand I) attend the mass in the cathedral on the way back from Lesina for a
February 8th, 1799
The republicans, following the French revolution raised the freedom tree beside the
Celestini Church. A blood-bath was then ordered by the monarchs, who saw in this
symbol a social overthrow. Everything happened in front of the Madonna del
February 25th, 1799
Two miles away from San Severo ten thousands borbonic soldiers met in battle
seven thousands French soldiers commanded by the general Duhesme. After
defeating the borbonie soldiers, the frenchs entered in town and pillaged it.
The granite column where the convietes were tied and shown to the people is
removed from Carceri Vecchi street (now it is located in the public gardens,
close to the Cappuccini Church).
August 2nd 1806
Michele di Sangro is appointed prince. He will be the last prince of San Severo,
because in the same year a new law abrogates the feudalism.
The table-lands are allotted to tenants, mainly owners of a big herds coming
from Abruzzi. At this time the shepherds decide to settle in the lands and the
economy of San Severo starts its changement from pastoral to agricultural.
July 2nd 1820
Morelli and Silvati start a revolution asking to the borbonie government the
Constitution. In San Severo the Carbonarism had many acolytes. King Ferdinando,
breaking on oath, first gave a Constitution, but after defeating Guglielmo Pepe
at Antrodoco and Rieti dissolved the Parliament and restored the absolute
Monarchy. Morelli is betrayed and captured in Chieuti end jailed in San Severo.
A priest of San Severo, Paolo Venusi, is arrested ad dies in prison.
The cholera makes 697 victims out
of a population of 16.000 inhabitants.
Ferdinand II of Borbon finally gives the Constitution to his kingdom of two
Insurrection of San Severo people caused by the bad social conditions. Several
deaths and many persons arrested.
December 31st, 1910
At ten p.m., on the music of the white Band, arrives the electrierty and San
Severo, lighting up, gives the welcome to the new century.
November 12st, 1912
Croghan, partner of "San Severo Prince", Michele Di
Sangro, assignes 1600 hectares of land to San Severo Town: the incomes obtained
by tillage of this large extent of land, had to serve to promote progress and
prosperity of San Severo's agricolture.